Frequently Asked Questions

So how do I work? Questions as asked by you.

What is the difference between counselling, CBT, psychotherapy and mindfulness practices?

Counselling is usually for a very specific concern and can be short term – usually 12 sessions or it can be for a longer period of time.

For example counselling might be helpful for bereavement or even a separation from a relationship.

CBT or cognitive-behavioural therapy is an evidenced - based method for bringing about change.

It can be helpful to focus on a very particular problem such as anxiety or depression and works by challenging usual thought processes.

For long-term effectiveness it requires making behavioural changes.

Psychotherapy is usually for a longer period of time and can be useful to make explicit links between early childhood experiences and current day concerns.

It can be a very reflective process which aims to help you make better sense of long term patterns in how you relate to people and which can impact on day-to-day functioning.

Mindfulness practices include breathing and visualisation exercises to help you relax and focus more on the present.

Deciding which approach is appropriate for you will depend on your situation.

It is something that we can discuss in our initial one-off assessment.


I work with many different issues including addiction(s), anxiety, generalised anxiety disorder, gambling, internet addiction, sex addiction, drug abuse, anger management, affairs and betrayals, bereavement, couples issues, depression, relationship concerns, family issues, low self-confidence, separation and divorce, panic disorder and phobias.

My partner and I are having couples issues

It is sometimes the case that when there are problems in a relationship, one partner will believe more so than the other that couple counselling could be helpful.

Ideally to get the most from couple’s counselling each person will have some level of self-awareness about what is their ‘stuff’ and what are the other person’s issues.

Couples therapy provides a space to work through concerns in a safe space where both partner’s perspectives are considered.

The aim is to work collaboratively to get some mutual understanding of a way forward whatever that way may mean for you.

How often are sessions scheduled?

Generally counselling and CBT therapy sessions are weekly, but can be fortnightly if we deem this to be appropriate. Psychotherapy is usually weekly, twice weekly, or fortnightly.

How long might therapy go for?

Counselling & CBT usually works with a specific problem over an agreed period of time – I usually ask that people commit for a minimum of 12 sessions.


For individual counselling, psychotherapy or acupuncture treatments, sessions are 50 minutes each. For couples counselling sessions are 70 minutes each.

How does acupuncture work?

Acupuncture works via the stimulation of specific combinations of points on the body’s energy pathways known as meridians. Meridians are fine lines that transverse the body.

Is acupuncture painful?

Most people do not feel the needles when they are inserted just below the surface of the skin.

What is a way forward?

Contact me on: 0781 806 8262 / 020 8699 8203
Or email:

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